What is Business Analysis?
Business Analysis is the set of tasks, knowledge, and techniques required to identify business needs and determine solutions to enterprise business problems. Although, the general definition is similar, the practices and procedures may vary in various industries.
In Information technology industry, solutions often include a systems development component, but may also consist of process improvement or organizational change.
Business analysis may also be performed to understand the current state of an organization or to serve as a basis for the identification of business needs. In most cases, however, business analysis is performed to define and validate solutions that meets business needs, goals, or objectives.
Why a Business Analyst?
Organizations employ business analysis for the following reasons:
To understand the structure and the dynamics of the organization in which a system is to be deployed.
To understand current problems in the target organization and identify improvement potentials.
To ensure that the customer, end user, and developers have a common understanding of the target organization.
In the initial phase of a project, when the requirements are being interpreted by the solution and design teams, the role of a Business analyst is to review the solutions documents, work closely with the solutions designers (IT team) and Project managers to ensure that requirements are clear.
To learn more, the best place to start is https://www.tutorialspoint.com/business_analysis/business_analysis_tutorial.pdf